Yaozhou Yaoxi is the preeminent representative of celadon firing in the north. The main furnace is located in Huangbao City, Tongchuan, Shaanxi. She started firing during the Sui and Tang dynasties and still fires without interruption. Beautiful landscape.
The Yaozhou kiln system is dominated by Huangbao City, as well as Henan Xuanyang, Baofeng, Xin'an, Guangxi Xikun, Guangxi Yongfu, Neixiang and other kilns. the glaze color of the produced porcelain is slightly different from the Huangbao kiln color, but the style is similar to the Huangbao kiln style, which should be influenced by the Huangbao kiln porcelain. Therefore, the porcelain produced in these kilns is now also classified as Yaozhou kiln porcelain.
Characteristics of different ages of Yaozhou kiln porcelain. During the late Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties, the framework was slightly loose, the embryonic bone was gray, and the enamel devitrified and clouded. Or gray-violet, the enamel is bright and transparent, the glaze is olive green, and the thin glaze is reddish yellow. Porcelain fired in the Yaozhou kiln at the end of the Northern Song dynasty reached its peak, regardless of the color of the body glaze. The Yaozhou kiln was once used as a tribute to court china. During the Jin and Yuan dynasties, porcelain was made in the Yaozhou kiln. The body was slightly loose, and the color of the body was light gray or grey. In the center of the bowl, a ring of glaze was scraped off to expose the binding splint. In terms of craftsmanship, the Five Dynasties period was simple and lavish, the Song Dynasty was rich and colorful, and the Jin and Yuan dynasties became increasingly simple.
There are many decorative patterns in Yaozhou kiln, including chrysanthemum with cross branches, peony with branches, peony with branches, chrysanthemum with branches, honeysuckle with branches, lotus leaves with lotus leaves, flowers and herbs with water waves, etc. Animals include dragon, phoenix, double duck lotus, three fish in waves of water and children's play patterns, boy picking lotus and other decorative patterns combine freehand sketching and brushwork into one.
Only the characteristics of the Yaozhou kiln porcelain from the Song Dynasty are presented here. Song Dynasty Yaozhou kilns have a full range of types and different types. Pots, spring bottles, etc., basically all kinds of tableware needed in social life in the Song Dynasty can be found in the Yaozhou kiln products. It is rare for other Song Dynasty kilns that a kiln can produce so many types of tableware. Exquisite shape, various types, a wide range of uses, only the mouth shape has a straight mouth, narrow mouth, extravagant mouth, open mouth, Lukui mouth, six curved mouths and the corresponding turning edge, wrapping edge, folding edge, etc., decoration process, and, finally to print, it reflects that the decorative aesthetic style has evolved from flat decoration to three-dimensional decoration, and finally formed the Yaozhou kiln, which combines three-dimensional and two-dimensional. The unique decorative style known as "as smart as Fan Jin, subtle as "jade cutting" was a unique phenomenon during the Song Dynasty. Because of the exquisitely carved floral reliefs, the Yaozhou kiln once paid homage to the court and in its glory has evolved into a "ten-mile kiln". " on a large scale.